139º Aniversário de Santos Dumont
Alberto Santos-Dumont (July 20, 1873 – July 23, 1932) was a Brazilian aviation pioneer. The heir of a wealthy family of coffee producers, Santos Dumont dedicated himself to science studies in Paris, France, where he spent most of his adult life.
Santos-Dumont designed, built, and flew some of the first practical dirigibles, demonstrating that routine, controlled flight was possible. This “conquest of the air”, in particular his winning the Deutsch de la Meurthe prize on October 19, 1901 on a flight that rounded the Eiffel Tower, made him one of the most famous people in the world during the early 20th century.
In addition to his pioneering work in airships, on 23 October 1906 Santos-Dumont, flying the 14-bis or Oiseau de proie (French for “bird of prey”), made the first flight of an airplaneto be witnessed by the European press and certified by the Aéro Club de France and theFédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI).
Santos-Dumont occupied the 38th chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters, from 1931 until his death in 1932.